Design Perspective on the Role of Advanced Bots for Self-guided Learning

By Lincoln C. Wood, Torsten Reiners and Theo J. Bastiaens.

Published by The Technology Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Published online: March 21, 2014 $US5.00

Virtual worlds are rapidly gaining acceptance in educational settings; with bots play an important role in these environments to help learners. Authentic learning can be significantly supported by bots to help self-guided learning in authentic tasks. In this paper, we investigate what is stopping educators from making more use of bots as a valuable resource. We seek the expertise of six educators, who used educational bots, to find an answer to this question.. While they have ‘big plans’ for bot use, the current implementations are ‘low-level’ and restrictive in their application. There is further confusion about appropriate pedagogical models and how to use them effectively as more than ‘prompters’ or ‘extras’. While creation and control technologies are advancing, allowing use of bots as a ‘hard technology’ to guide learners through routine procedures; there is a lack of resources for automation as intelligence technologies are slower to develop and may require future partnerships with external parties before they are available useable by general educators.

Keywords: Evolution of Bots, Interaction, Fidelity

International Journal of Technology, Knowledge and Society, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp.187-199. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: March 21, 2014 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 602.994KB)).

Dr. Lincoln C. Wood

Senior Lecturer, Department of Business Information Systems, Faculty of Business and Law, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand

Dr Lincoln C. Wood (Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand) is a Senior Lecturer in logistics and supply chain management at Auckland University of Technology and is a past Undergraduate Coordinator for the School of Information Systems at Curtin University. In 2010 he received the Outstanding Research Award at the International Higher Education Conference and he is a project co-leader on OLT Grant (2012) “Development of an authentic training environment to support skill acquisition in Logistics & Supply Chain Management”. As a qualitative data analysis expert, Dr Wood will assist the planning for and evaluation of the evaluation data, focusing on the analysis of dynamics of learner participation in MOOCs.

Dr. Torsten Reiners

Senior Lecturer, School of Information Systems, Curtin Business School, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia

Dr Torsten Reiners is a project leader on the OLT Grant (2012) “Development of an authentic training environment to support skill acquisition in Logistics & Supply Chain Management” and participated in VirtualPREX (ALTC grant, lead is Sue Gregory). Dr Torsten Reiners is Senior Lecturer in Logistics at the Curtin University, Australia. His research and teaching experiences are in the areas of operations research (i.e., modelling, algorithm development, meta-heuristics, and simulation), fleet and maritime logistics, supply chain, information systems, and emerging technologies. His interests include instructional design, development of adaptive learning environments, distant collaboration and mobile learning, which is also manifested in his PhD Thesis about adaptive learning material in the field of operations research. He participated in multiple projects to use 3D spaces for learning support. He coordinated multiple industry projects in Germany.

Dr Theo J. Bastiaens

Chair of Department, Instructional Technology and Media, Fernuni Hagen, Hagen, Germany

Prof Dr Theo Bastiaens (Fernuniversität Hagen, Germany) Theo J. Bastiaens is a Professor of Educational Technology (since January 2012); Director of the Institute of Educational Science and Media Research; and was, until recently, Dean of the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences at the Fernuniversität in Hagen (Germany). He studied educational sciences at the Rijksuniversiteit Utrecht, Netherlands, and wrote his doctoral thesis “Working and Learning with Electronic Performance Support Systems” at the University of Twente, Netherlands (published in 1997). He holds a part-time, full Professorship for Educational Technology at the Open University of the Netherlands. His research interest includes instructional design, authentic learning, and new technology; i.e. MOOC. He has published in this field and is a invited speaker at conferences and seminars. For AACE he co-chaired E-learn 2007, E-learn 2009, Ed-Media 2011. He is executive Committee member of the World Conference on E-learning and Executive Committee member and Founder of the Global Learn Asia Pacific.


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