Sharing Networking Resources to Create a Pervasive Infrastructure

By Caterina Desiato and Edoardo Biagioni.

Published by The Technology Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

We are designing AllNet, a new networking technology to provide near-ubiquitous connectivity. Such technology can be used even when the infrastructure is unavailable, to provide general connectivity between individuals and between individuals and the Internet. AllNet can be particularly useful in cases of emergency. The way AllNet works is to send data packets from one mobile device to another and when available, over the Internet, until the packets reach their destination. The more people participate in AllNet, the more devices there are to forward packets, and more effective the technology can be. That is, AllNet is only effective if people agree to help others. We therefore propose a range of techniques to motivate people to share a small fraction of their available resources, mainly battery and bandwidth, to provide connectivity to others. People's motivations for action range from selfish to altruistic, including mixed motivations that might be hard to classify as either one or the other. We would like to support individual choices to use AllNet using any such motivations. Gaining credit within an online community and providing resources when abundant for the individual, so that others will provide when the individual's resources are scarce, are often considered selfish motivations, but they support the communication and online community as well. More directly altruistic motivations include participating in and supporting emergency communications, providing a service to others, and contributing in building a new online community. Generally, we hope to cater to a range of motivations with the benefits that the new technology can provide to the individual, as well as the benefits AllNet can provide to society and large numbers of individuals.

Keywords: Bandwidth Sharing, Human Motivations, Intrinsic Motivations, Extrinsic Motivations, Social Networking

International Journal of Technology, Knowledge and Society, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp.171-180. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 506.429KB).

Caterina Desiato

Doctoral Candidate, Interdisciplinary PhD Program in Communication and Information Sciences, University of Hawai'i at Manoa, Honolulu, HI, USA

Caterina Desiato is an International Fulbright Scholar in Communication and Information Sciences. She has just defended her dissertation proposal to study online communicational strategies that achieve consensus while maintaining heterogeneity. Her background is strongly interdisciplinary and deeply rooted in Philosophy. She collaborates on the “Traces” research project (NSF Virtual Organizations as Sociotechnical Systems program, grant #0943147) investigating multilevel analytic methods in the context of SRI’s Tapped In, the longest running online network of education professionals.

Dr. Edoardo Biagioni

Associate Professor, Information and Computer Sciences, University of Hawai'i at Manoa, Honolulu, HI, USA

Edoardo Biagioni is an Associate Professor in the Department of Information and Computer Sciences at the University of Hawaii at Manoa. His research interests include Networking, and especially wireless ad-hoc networking, and Security. He is a Series co-editor for the Ad-Hoc and Sensor Networks series of IEEE Communications magazine.


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