Towards Green IT Organisations: A Framework for Energy Consumption and Reduction
Though the IT industry has been one of the fastest growing industries in many countries over the past years, its relationship with the natural environment has not been given much consideration. This growing industry has as main negative impact on the environment, climate change in the form of global warming, caused by the emissions of carbon in the air. Green IT relates Information Technology and the environment by promoting studies, development of techniques for improving energy efficiency and reducing waste in the full life cycle of computing in the IT. This paper discusses the effects of the growing IT industry on the environment along with a review of existing work in Green IT. A conceptual framework for energy consumption and reduction using system dynamics modelling is also proposed which links the different locations within an IT organisation where most of the energy consumption takes place and a case-study is given that illustrates the application of the conceptual framework in a small in-house software development company consisting of ten employees.
||Green IT, Eco-sensible IT Organisation, Energy Consumption, Conceptual Framework, System Dynamics
International Journal of Technology, Knowledge and Society, Volume 8, Issue 3, pp.23-36.
Article: Print (Spiral Bound).
Article: Electronic (PDF File; 851.537KB).
MPhil/PhD Student, School of Sustainable Development and Tourism, University of Technology, Mauritius
Girish Bekaroo obtained a first class degree in B.Sc (Hons) Computer Science with Network Security from the University of Technology, Mauritius in 2007 and completed his masters in Internet Computing with a distinction from the University of Hull in 2008 where he was a scholar. He has worked as a Product Specialist at Expand Technology Ltd and a Lecturer at the University of Technology, Mauritius.
Senior Lecturer, School of Sustainable Development and Tourism, University of Technology, Pointe-Aux-Sables, Mauritius
Chandradeo Bokhoree, a native of Mauritius, was educated at the University of Mauritius and at Loughborough University in the UK, where he was awarded his Ph.D in 2004. He was a research scholar at the New Jersey Institute of Technology in the USA in 2001/2003. He was a Lecturer in the School of Business Informatics and Software Engineering at the University of Technology, Mauritius until 2006, when he was appointed as Senior Lecturer. His research interests focus on the development and application of modelling techniques and adaptive technologies for sustainable development. He is currently the principle investigator on numerous consultancy projects geared towards finding practical solutions for a sustainable Mauritius.
Professor in Mobile and Converging Technologies, Computing & Interactive Systems, Faculty of Arts, Environment & Technology, Leeds Metropolitan University, UK
Colin Pattinson obtained a BSc (Hons) Computational Science from the University of Leeds in 1982 and a Ph.D in Computer Network Performance Measurement from the same university in 1986. He has occupied different posts at the Leeds Metropolitan University since 1985 including Lecturer, Senior Lecturer, Principal Lecturer and Professional Group Leader, until his appointment as Running Stream Professor in Mobile and Converging Technology since 2006. Colin is currently leading the Centre for Mobile & Converging Technologies at the Leeds Metropolitan University, which encompasses research conducted by members of staff internal and external to the Faculty and till date he has successfully supervised 7 Ph.D candidates.
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