Contextualizing Appropriate Technology Movement in India through the Study of a Research Centre; ASTRA

By Debajani Dhal and Binay Kumar Pattnaik.

Published by The Technology Collection

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Article: Electronic $US5.00

The appropriate technology (AT) movement places appropriateness as a key issue and acknowledges the role of AT in the context of India’s development. The present article addresses the conceptual framework of AT and discusses the debate on AT from view points of both developing and developed countries. It also contextualizes the inception and growth of the Application of Science and Technology to Rural Areas (ASTRA), a research centre at the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India for the study of its role in the context of the AT movement in India. The paper is based on the use of both primary and secondary data collected from ASTRA. The primary data were collected through the depth interviews of the researchers working at the centre of ASTRA, whereas the secondary data were gathered from the annual reports of the centre and some other materials published in national and international journals from the centre. The paper analyzes the technology development activities of the centre and attempted to bring out the socio- economic and policy related problems encountered in the dissemination of its technologies. The paper concludes the changing perception and subsequent shift of thrust of the AT movement in India.

Keywords: Appropriate Technology Concept, Movement, Sustainable Technology, Rural Technology, Commercialization of Technology

International Journal of Technology, Knowledge and Society, Volume 8, Issue 2, pp.123-134. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 359.488KB).

Debajani Dhal

Senior Research Scholar, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India

Received her Master’s Degree from Department of Sociology, University of Hyderabad in 2004. Shortly after, she joined the M.Phil program at Pondicherry University, where her research project was on the issue of educational development schemes for the backward class communities in the province of Tamil Nadu. After finishing her M. Phil program in 2005, she pursued Ph.D. program at the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur in 2006. Her present research project is the Appropriate technology movement in India.

Prof. Binay Kumar Pattnaik

Faculty, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India

Currently working at the Dept. of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur. With more than 25 years of experience in teaching and research, he has contributed handsomely to the area of Sociology of Science and technology, Sociology of Development, and Sociology of Social movements. His scholarly contributions include more than two dozen of research papers in refereed journals of repute, and half a dozen books (both edited and written). He has been guest editor to a couple of international journals as well.

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