The appropriate technology (AT) movement places appropriateness as a key issue and acknowledges the role of AT in the context of India’s development. The present article addresses the conceptual framework of AT and discusses the debate on AT from view points of both developing and developed countries. It also contextualizes the inception and growth of the Application of Science and Technology to Rural Areas (ASTRA), a research centre at the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India for the study of its role in the context of the AT movement in India. The paper is based on the use of both primary and secondary data collected from ASTRA. The primary data were collected through the depth interviews of the researchers working at the centre of ASTRA, whereas the secondary data were gathered from the annual reports of the centre and some other materials published in national and international journals from the centre. The paper analyzes the technology development activities of the centre and attempted to bring out the socio- economic and policy related problems encountered in the dissemination of its technologies. The paper concludes the changing perception and subsequent shift of thrust of the AT movement in India.
|Keywords:||Appropriate Technology Concept, Movement, Sustainable Technology, Rural Technology, Commercialization of Technology|
Senior Research Scholar, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
Faculty, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
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