Accessibility of ICT Tools among Urban Middle Class Housewives in Bangladesh
Over the past years, information and communication technology (ICT) has contributed to increases in education levels, knowledge, and skills among all classes and communities of the world. Women in general are regarded as the homemakers, wives and mothers in developing countries. They are engaged in meeting local and family needs and are overwhelmingly not linked to a global digital economy. ICT can allow women to participate in a rapidly changing world by accessing tools like mobile phones and computers. In Bangladesh, women are often housewives who have limited education and generally do not work outside their households. Of the ICT tools, a mobile phone is very popular and easily accessible by housewives in Bangladesh. Computers are also slowly penetrating and gaining popularity among housewives. This paper examines the status and implications of the accessibility of mobile phones and computers among urban housewives in Bangladesh. Both primary and secondary information has been gathered to attain the objectives of the study. The study finds that the mobile phones are commonly used by the urban housewives, they have very limited access to the computers. Knowledge gap, fear about technology and social and family factors have been identified as the barriers to their access to ICT tool in general.
||ICT, Housewives, Urban Middle Class, Digital Divide, Mobile Phones, Computers, Bangladesh
International Journal of Technology, Knowledge and Society, Volume 7, Issue 6, pp.59-72.
Article: Print (Spiral Bound).
Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.300MB).
Assistant Professor, School of Business, University of Liberal Arts Bangladesh (ULAB), Dhaka, Bangladesh
Pinki Shah is an Associate Professor at the School of Business in the University of Liberal Arts Bangladesh (ULAB), Dhaka, Bangladesh. She completed her MA in Economics in 1995 and was awarded a PhD in Economics in 2004 from India. She is the founding President of the Professional Women’s Association (ProWA), an association of professional women academicians in Bangladesh. Currently she is the Editor of ProWA Bulletin, a bi-yearly publication. She has been a visiting professor at a number of institutes and universities in Bangladesh. She is a life member of Bangladesh Economic Association. Her long-term research interests and concerns cover Women Empowerment, Women Entrepreneurship, and ICT and Women. Recently her research study on ICT issues titled ‘Economics of Integrating Access to Finance and Access to Information in Bangladesh Economy’ was published in the ‘Journal of Banking and Finance Letters’ of International Economic Society.
Lecturer, School of Business, University of Liberal Arts Bangladesh (ULAB), Dhaka, Bangladesh
Sabiha Gulshan is a lecturer at the School of Business in the University of Liberal Arts Bangladesh (ULAB). She obtained her bachelor’s degree in Computer Science and holds an MBA with a concentration in Accounting and Information Systems. She is one of the founding members of the Professional Women’s Association (ProWA), an association of professional women academicians in Bangladesh. Currently she is a member of the editorial board of ProWA Bulletin, a bi-yearly publication. Before becoming an academic, she worked a few years in the IT industry and worked on several IT projects. Sabiha has an interest in researching in the area of women entrepreneurship, women’s empowerment through ICT in Bangladesh.
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