Assessing Pupils’ Perceptions of Schoolyard Habitats with the Use of Photoshop Drawings

By Maria Savvaidou-Kambouropoulou and Michael Skoumios.

Published by The Technology Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Pupils’ drawings can be useful tools for investigating their perceptions about nature and the built environment. This study explores the perceptions of 88 Greek primary school pupils from 8 to 11 years old about schoolyard habitats. In order to detect the perceptions, the pupils were asked to draw, first using conventional methods—crayons, pencils or temperas—and then with the help of the Photoshop computer design program, their schoolyard (“actual” schoolyard). The same pupils were then asked to draw the schoolyard in the way they wished it to be (“ideal” schoolyard). Pupils’ drawings were then marked with the use of the Schoolyard Habitat Drawing Scoring Rubric (Cronin-Jones, 2005). The analysis of pupils’ drawings brings out the differences among pupils’ perceptions of the natural environment and, more particularly, of the “actual” and the “ideal” schoolyard. Knowing pupils’ perceptions of schoolyards could prove a significant source of information about the design of new schoolyards on the basis of pupils’ ideas, needs and wishes, with a view to improving the quality of education provided to the pupils.

Keywords: Pupils’ Perceptions, Science Education, Environmental Education, Primary School, Drawings

International Journal of Technology, Knowledge and Society, Volume 7, Issue 4, pp.57-74. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.148MB).

Dr. Maria Savvaidou-Kambouropoulou

Lecturer, Department of Primary Education, University of Aegean, Rhodes, Dodecanisa, Greece

Dr. Maria Savvaidou-Kambouropoulou obtained a first degree in The Academy of Fine Arts in Lecce, Italy in 1971 and a PhD on “Education through Art and Creative Thinking” in 1986 from the Athens University, Philosophy Department. Her research interests include “The Development of creative thinking through Art Education”, The Evaluation of experimental projects “Education and Culture” and projects relating to “Cultural Heritage combined with New Technology for production of a new cultural identity.” Since 1986 she has been lecturing on Art Education at the Aegean University. Since 2007 she has been the President of the Museum of Greek Modern Art - Municipality of Rhodes. Since 2010 she has been the President of the Cultural Institute Ioannis Zigdis - Municipality of Lindos Rhodes Greece.

Dr. Michael Skoumios

Lecturer, Department of Primary Education, University of Aegean, Rhodes, Dodecanisa, Greece

Michael Skoumios obtained a first degree in Physics from the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens in 1987, a second degree in Education from the University of Aegean in 1992 and his PhD in Science Education from the Hellenic Open University in 2005. His research interests include science concept learning and teaching science in primary and secondary schools. He is currently teaching Science Education in the Department of Primary Education of the University of the Aegean (Greece).


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