Sound the Alarm—Death Approaches (Suarakan Genderang—Maut Menyerang): The Tsunami Early Warning System in Indonesia

By Stephen Rice, David Trafimow, Ayu Rahmania, David Keller, Gayle Hunt, Kemal Taruc, Muhammad Dirhamsyah and M. Ridha.

Published by The Technology Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

The 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami was responsible for more than 200,000 deaths. Indonesia suffered the worst of the disaster with more than 169,000 dead and more than a million people displaced. A Tsunami Early Warning System has been designed and built, with a warning center located in Aceh. However, little is known about how to carry the warning to the local population. No one knows if this warning system will work, mainly because no one knows how the people will react to a warning of this magnitude. The purpose of this paper is to review both the human factors literature on warning systems and the social psychology literature on social structures and attitudes/beliefs. By combining the two fields, we hope to provide a more thorough knowledge base with which to begin the task of finding a solution to preventing another disaster. We also discuss potential future research in Indonesia.

Keywords: Tsunami, Warning, System, Dependence, Trust

The International Journal of Technology, Knowledge and Society, Volume 6, Issue 4, pp.13-26. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 714.674KB).

Dr. Stephen Rice

Assistant Professor, Psychology, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, USA

Stephen Rice is an Assistant Professor of Psychology at New Mexico State University. He received his Ph.D. in Experimental Psychology from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 2006.

Dr. David Trafimow

Professor, Psychology, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, USA

David Trafimow is a Professor of Psychology at New Mexico State University. He received his Ph.D. in Experimental Psychology from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 1993.

Ayu Rahmania

Student, Psychology, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM, USA

Ayu Rahmania is affiliated with New Mexico State University and is currently a student in the Psychology department.

Dr. David Keller

Research Scientist, Human Factors Division, Naval Surface Warfare Center, Virginia, USA

David Keller is a Research Scientist at Naval Surface Warfare Center. He received his Ph.D. in Psychology from New Mexico State University in 2009.

Gayle Hunt

Graduate student, Psychology, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM, USA

Gayle Hunt is currently a graduate student in Social Psychology at New Mexico State University. She received her B.A. in Psychology from New Mexico State University in 2009.

Kemal Taruc

Adjunct Professor, Business Management, Tarumanagara University, Jakarta, Indonesia

Kemal Taruc is an Associate Researcher at TDMRC, a faculty member at Tarumanagara University, and a Special Assistant to the Minister of Housing. He received his MBA from Rutgers University and his MSc in Risk Management from Caledonian Business School, Glasgow.

Dr. Muhammad Dirhamsyah

TDMRC - Syiah Kuala University, Indonesia

Muhammad Dirhamsyah is the Director of the Tsunami and Disaster Mitigation Research Center (TDMRC), which is affiliated with Syiah Kuala University.

Dr. M. Ridha

TDMRC - Syiah Kuala University, Indonesia

Muhammad Ridha is the Vice Director of the Tsunami and Disaster Mitigation Research Center (TDMRC), which is affiliated with Syiah Kuala University.

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