Examining ‘Digital Divide’ in Upper Secondary School: A Multilevel Analysis of Factors with an Influence on Digital Competence

By Ove Edvard Hatlevik.

Published by The Technology Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

This paper examines the influence from systematic factors in upper secondary school on student’s digital competence, using multilevel analysis. The data set includes 335 students participated in the ITU Monitor 2009 survey, and it contains information on study program (vocational or general studies), family background, grades, access to computers, time spent by the computer and the use of ICT at school. The results show differences between students in their ability to make use of ICT. When controlling for family background, the multilevel analysis indicate a strong influence of study program on results from the digital competence test.

Keywords: Digital Competence, Digital Divide, Multilevel Analysis, Family Background, Use of ICT, Acess to Computers

The International Journal of Technology, Knowledge and Society, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp.151-164. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 674.162KB).

Dr. Ove Edvard Hatlevik

Researcher, National Network for IT-Research and Competence in Education (ITU), University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway

Ove Edvard Hatlevik is a researcher at the National Centre for ICT in Education, Norway. He holds a PhD from the University at Oslo, where he studied learning strategies and motivation among commercial airline pilots during their in-house training (simulator and CRM-courses). He has published reports and articles on topics to do with learning, motivation and the use of ICT. His research explores the design and use of feedback in digital learning resources, and how to use various forms of assessments (e.g. multiple-choices, written text) to identify and examine digital competencies of students and teachers.


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