The US Bayh-Dole Act of 1980: A Model for Indian Government Funded Research Patent Policy?

By Avisha Gupta.

Published by The Technology Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

A controversial intellectual property-ownership bill modeled on the US Bayh-Dole Act of 1980, has been approved by India’s Union Cabinet, and is currently being considered in the Indian Parliament. It bears noting, that while the US Bayh Dole legislation has been praised by many, it has been subject to scathing criticism by others. This paper addresses the question of whether a US legislation that dealt with specific issues with some success can be ‘imported’ into the Indian context. Furthermore, this cross-border emulation of such economic and technology policies is a matter of grave concern. It seeks to analyze all these concerns with close focus on the economic aberrations like that of the ‘tragedy of anticommons’, created in the biomedical research sector. The underlying objective of the paper will be to trace the impact of the Bayh-Dole Act in the last three decades and to analyze the appropriateness of its emulation in India.

Keywords: Bahy-Dole Act, Public Funded Research and Development (Protection, Utilisation and Regulation of Intellectual Property) Bill 2007, Tragedy of the Anticommons, Indian Patents Act 2005

The International Journal of Technology, Knowledge and Society, Volume 6, Issue 2, pp.241-254. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 682.310KB).

Avisha Gupta

Student, West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

I am pursuing Bachelors in Law from the West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata (India). My areas of interest are Economics, Intellectual Property Rights, Constitutional Law and International Law.


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