Bridging the Knowledge Gap in Developing Societies: A Field Study of Indonesia, Vietnam and Myanmar

By Ravi S. Sharma, Arista Wirawan, Samuel Goh Chia Foong and Ye Min Win.

Published by The Technology Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

This article examines the current conceptualizations of knowledge societies in three Asia Pacific countries, and to further contribute to the development of a framework by way of a systematic empirical investigation using data collated from the World Bank, UNDP and UNESCO. Tersely stated, a framework is developed that is then applied to the practice of knowledge policy formulation. While it is recognized that there are limitations to our approach, such as the reliance on secondary data instead of primary sources, the complex nature of policy formulation makes the full transferability to other countries unlikely. However, it is possible that the findings of our research will have relevance for other settings and contexts. This study will serve its academic contribution in that it will provide comprehensive data relating to implications in the following three areas: framework development, research and policy development. It is suggested that the framework and policy analysis developed in the paper allows one to reflect on and analyze how political decisions have influenced the formulation of current and future policies.

Keywords: National Intellectual Capital, Knowledge Society, Knowledge Based Economy, Knowledge Policy

The International Journal of Technology, Knowledge and Society, Volume 5, Issue 5, pp.1-28. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.906MB).

Prof. Ravi S. Sharma

Associate Professor, Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

Prior to this, he was founding Director (India Strategy) at NTU for a 2-year term. Ravi had spent the previous 10 years in industry as Asean Communications Industry Principal at IBM Global Services and before that, Director of the Multimedia Competency Centre of Deutsche Telekom Asia. Ravi’s teaching, consulting and research interests are in telecommunications best practices and strategies. His work has appeared in leading journals, conferences, trade publications and the broadcast media. He has been teaching IT and management courses since 1985 and enjoys this role as educator and mentor immensely. He has co-authored a graduate level text on KM Tools and Techniques. As consulting engagements, he has served as telco industry advisor to Frost & Sullivan’s technology practice in the Asia Pacific, Vice-President of the Homeportal Inc. presence in Asia, and business advisor to several local startups. He has also provided strategic technical advice to the respective regulators for Singapore’s Digital TV and Broadband Multimedia implementation efforts, and the ITU’s WG on telecommunications tariffs. Ravi received his PhD in engineering from the University of Waterloo and is a Chartered Engineer (UK) and a Senior Member of the IEEE. He is an associate editor of the IEEE Communications Surveys and sits on the advisory boards of several professional and non-profit organizations.

Arista Wirawan

Wee Kim Wee School of Communication & Information, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

Arista Wirawan is a 34 year-old Indonesian who is married with one child and currently based in Singapore. He holds a Bachelor of Electrical Engineering majoring in Telecommunications from the University of Indonesia and has pursued a Masters of Science in Knowledge Management from Nanyang Technology University. Arista currently is an IT Specialist - Network for IBM Singapore. Arista joined IBM Singapore after 6 years in the information technology industry in Singapore and Indonesia. He is interested in research with a focus on Knowledge Management for Development and the Digital Economy.

Samuel Goh Chia Foong

Wee Kim Wee School of Communication & Information, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

Samuel Goh Chia Foong holds a Bachelor of Arts (Merit) in Sociology and Social Work from the National University of Singapore; and a Post-Graduate Diploma in Education from the Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. His work involves Corporate Communications in a Multi-National Corporation.

Ye Min Win

Wee Kim Wee School of Communication & Information, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

YE MIN WIN is currently working as a system consultant in Singapore’s info-com industry. His current responsibilities include providing various IT collaborative solutions to clients and promoting the knowledge management initiatives in the organization. His research focus continues to be the dvanced measurement of knowledge societies of his own country - Myanmar - and promoting the knowledge management initiatives within the country.


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