Socially Shaped Internet Technology System: Internet Policy and Development in South Korea

By Gouk Tae Kim.

Published by The Technology Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

In this paper, I examine South Korean Internet development and policy, pointing out that the Internet technology system can be seen as a product of social construction. The relevant evidence I propose to support this argument is the change the South Korean government made in its Internet policy priority, from being a leader in establishing an information society to responding to social demands on correcting Internet-related problems by designing new Internet regulations. In other words, South Korean Internet policy makers have been compelled to re-formulate a new Internet policy by adopting reactive policy strategies rather than proactive ones, which in turn has fundamentally reshaped the Internet architecture and its usage in South Korea. Through this examination, I argue that the technical structure of the Internet has been modified to team up with new government policy and regulations, which can be regarded as a 21st century case of the social construction of technology.

Keywords: Internet Governance, Internet Policy and Development, South Korea, Internet-based Society, Social Construction of Technology

The International Journal of Technology, Knowledge and Society, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp.1-12. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.252MB).

Gouk Tae Kim

Ph.D. Student, Department of Science and Technology in Society, Virginia Tech, VA, USA

Gouk Tae Kim is a Korean Ph.D. student in Science & Technology Studies (STS) at VirginiaTech. His current research interests include Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy and Management, R&D Evaluation, Public Administration, and Engineering Education. He earned his MSPP and MSIA degrees from Georgia Tech in 2004 and 2005, respectively.

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