A Short History of Bringing Structure and Form to Learning: Culminating in Conveying and Using Knowledge, Intermediated by Technology

By Curtiss Priest and P. Kenneth Komoski.

Published by The Technology Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Arising out of our involvement with the US IEEE LOM (Learning Object Metataging), our participation in constructing the US ALA (American Library Association) RDA (Resources and Descriptors Access), and over thirty years of transitioning lay descriptions of knowledge to operational definitions, we at MIT and CITS (Center for Information, Technology & Society) have successfully attained “Knowledge Simplicity.”
Building on the work of Ross Ashby, Russell Ackoff and others, we describe how true knowledge objects can be constructed using extensions of HTTP, and contrast this to the current constructions at the XHTML/XML level which we find only increases knowledge noise. And, to convey this simplicity we will present a series of demonstrations, expanding from a demo recently presented at the SITE/AACE (Society for Information Technology in Education) called ‘What is the Common Ground between TCPK (Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge) and Learning Objects.’

Keywords: Semantic Web, W3C, MIT/CMS, CITS, Learning Objects, Knowledge Objects, Pedagogical Objects, HTTP, XHTML, XML, LOM, RDA, XHTTP, IEEE, IEEE LTSC, IEEE LTSC P1484, ALA, TCPK, Knowledge Simplicity, Operational Definition, Cybernetics, Systems Theory, General Systems Theory

The International Journal of Technology, Knowledge and Society, Volume 4, Issue 6, pp.139-144. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 659.767KB).

Dr. Curtiss Priest

Director, Center for Information, Technology & Society (CITS), Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA

The author was cited by Newsweek as one of the “fifty people who matter most on the Internet” and invented an RSS/Reader (US patent 5,167,011) in 1987. In 1972 Dr. Priest built on the work of HG Wells (World Brain, 1938) in an RPI dissertation, “The Need and Value of Restructuring Human Communication Systems.” Throughout his career he has advanced the state of knowledge systems and created knowledge management systems, in part at the MIT Center for Policy Alternatives. Dr. Priest is currently affilated with the MIT Comparative Media Studies Program and his more recent work involves creating learning tools to advance K-12 learning using web-based resources. As Director of CITS, Dr. Priest has testified before the US Congress and written framework papers for the Congressional Office of Technology Assessment on issues of intellectual property, the engineering workforce, and the role of the Federal government in enhancing K-12 education.

P. Kenneth Komoski

Executive Director, Educational Products Information Exchange (EPIE), Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Long Island, NY, USA

Educated at Teachers’ College, the author has pioneered to improve the US Educational System and to build Net-based tools for self-directed learning with tutor or mentor assistance. He has been the Executive Director of Educational Products Information Exchange (EPIE) for over forty years and is the Executive Secretary of the International Center for Learning Objects Research (ICLOR).


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