An approach to dynamic organization of the work environment for collaborative project-based learning is suggested. The work environment is represented by the following components: temporal sequence of dynamic groups of interrelated project tasks; schemes of assigning students of a collaborative group for performance of tasks; the structure of collaboration.
The aggregate of interrelated tasks is a study project. The task groups are formed by assigning tasks to an appropriate time interval. In doing so, task-relevant skills (skills necessary to complete a task), temporal and structural task characteristics, and task dynamics are jointly taken into account. A task group has the following characteristics: maximal diversity of tasks relative to task-relevant skills; observance of tasks’ time parameters; simultaneous execution of group tasks. Temporal and structural coordination during performance of tasks is also ensured. Assigning a student to a task in a task group is done so that skills of a student would differ as much as possible from the task-relevant skills. The collaboration structure determines the transfer of skills among students during the performance of project tasks. The tasks in each task group have a maximal diversity relative to task-relevant skills. It creates a maximal quantity of task group relevant skills (skills necessary to complete a group of tasks). Skills of students assigned for execution of tasks have maximal diversity from the task-relevant skills. It leads to the maximal need of a student for skills necessary for task execution. As a result, the possibility to transfer a maximum amount of skills between the participants of the leaning groups is ensured. This, in turn, ensures the effectiveness of collaborative learning. Different aspects of evaluation of the approach are presented. The approach is described in detail by example.
|Keywords:||Task-Relevant Skills, Collaborative Learning Groups, Work Environment, Transfer of Skills|
Prof., Department of Computer Science, Al- Qasemi Academic College of Education, Baqa El- Gharbieh, Israel
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