Direct Interaction with Multi-functional Digital Pens in Collaborative Virtual Environments

By Christine B. Glaser, Amy Tan and Ahmet M. Kondoz.

Published by The Technology Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Direct interaction describes the interaction between a user and an artefact. In virtual collaboration direct interaction gains a new attribute as it connects two users directly and virtually. To understand its importance two artefacts have been considered: the users interacting with a shared digital workspace and a digital pen (virtual direct interaction) and users interacting via video using a casual pen (real direct interaction).
The paper discusses the impact of virtual and real direct interaction, on user’s social behaviour (user to user). The data was gathered by means of qualitative data analysis, objective hermeneutic. Indirect observation of eight video recordings revealed that virtual direct interaction supported the human senses and facilitated the social processes (orientation, coordination, communication and the achievement of mutual understanding) in virtual collaboration. Furthermore, findings show that direct interaction is related to the human senses and correlates with the social processes: orientation, coordination, communication and the achievement of mutual understanding.

Keywords: Virtual Collaboration, Direct Interaction, Shared Digital Workspaces Multi-functional Pen, Social Processes, Human Senses Virtual Collaboration, Shared Digital Workspaces, Multi-functional Digital Pen, Human Senses

The International Journal of Technology, Knowledge and Society, Volume 4, Issue 3, pp.19-28. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 688.033KB).

Christine B. Glaser

PhD Student, Center for Communication System Research, I-Lab, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, UK

Christine B. Glaser is a PhD student at the University of Surrey. She studied Media and Communication at the University of Vienna, Austria and graduated in April 2005. The focus of her PhD is social and cognitive ergonomics in human-computer and human-human interaction in virtual collaboration. She is interested in using qualitative research methods of the social sciences such as qualitative content analysis or grounded theory to investigate social and cognitive ergonomics in virtual collaboration.

Dr. Amy Tan

University of Surrey, Centre for Communication System Research , I-Lab, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, UK

Amy Tan is a human factors researcher and participates across several research communities such as Simulation, Architectural Computing, Transport Research, Wireless World Research Forum, Spatial Cognition and Computation. Her research expertise is in the user experience of a virtual collaboration system and evaluations of such systems with a combination of lifecycle, ethnographic, and usability engineering methods. This includes exploring ways to understand user needs and to incorporate them in new future collaborative technologies and how such new technologies impacts on the socio-technical organisational structures and vice versa.She is particularly interested in cross cultural distributed teams and in longitudinal case studies that produces qualitative results on an extended use of a system to understand technology adoption and acceptability issues.

Ahmet M. Kondoz

University of Surrey, Surrey, UK

Ahmet M. Kondoz was born in Cyprus. He studied B.Sc. (Hons.) degree in engineering, and M.Sc. degree in telematics in 1983 and 1984, respectively, before receiving his Ph.D. degree in communication in 1986. He became a Lecturer in 1988, a Reader in 1995, and then in 1996, a Professor in Multimedia Communication Systems and deputy director of Center for Communication Systems Research (CCSR), University of Surrey, Guildford, U.K. He has over 250 publications, including two books on low-bit-rate speech coding and several book chapters, and seven patents. He has graduated more than 50 Ph.D. students in the areas of speech/image and signal processing and wireless multimedia communications, and has been a consultant for major wireless media terminal developers and manufacturers. Prof. Kondoz has been awarded several prizes, the most significant of which are The Royal Television Societies Communications Innovation Award and The IEEE Benefactors Premium Award. Prof. Kondoz is also a director of Mulsys Ltd. a University of Surrey spin-off company marketing worlds first secure GSM communication system through the GSM voice channel.


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