New Paradigm of the Technological Development: A New Possibility for the Revival of Technocratic Ideology in the Information Society
The present stage of scientific and technological development has clearly shown the limits beyond which science and technology confront or will confront with non-solvable or, to put it better, developed by them scientific and technological problems. The development of the notion of scientific and technological progress deals with the illusion that science is able, sooner or later, with a certain accuracy, to forecast, foretell, foresee or, at least, minimise all negative effects of these scientific projects. This “total” projecting of everything everywhere has led to “boundless” and “universal” design theory which could let us apply all accumulated human knowledge to make up new artificial products and systems (artifacts) which is not only machines or the Man-Machine systems, but also the materials, chemical compounds and even molecules etc. It was found out today that human scientific knowledge is not able to foresee everything: it is possible only to forecast a certain risk of new scientific technologies. Then the socio-technological systems cannot be designed if we use only technical requirements and methods. In biotechnology and gene engineering there appeared an acute necessity to develop scientific and engineering ethics that would come into the framework of scientific and engineering research. The traditional conception of ethical neutrality of the scientific and engineering research and a boundless character of scientific and technological progress does not meet modern requirements and that it is necessary to change the strategy of scientific and technological development.
||Philosophy of Technology, Scientific and Technological Development, “Rigid” to “Elastic” Technologies
The International Journal of Technology, Knowledge and Society, Volume 3, Issue 5, pp.19-26.
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visiting scientist, Insititute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia/Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, Germany
Born in Moscow, Russia, in 1947. He studied electronic engineering and philosophy (Lomonosov University) in Moscow and received his doctoral degrees in 1975 ("Methodology of Systems Engineering") and in 1986 ("Methodological Analysis of the Development of the Theoretical Knowledge in the Modern Engineering Sciences") in the Institute for Philosophy of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS). He founded in 1988 Research Group for Philosophy of Technology in this Institute and is currently a leading scientist there. At the same time he is scientific coordinator of the German-Russian Postgraduate College and the International Academy for Sustainable Development and Technologies at the University of Karlsruhe, from 1.08.2006 also as visiting scientist in the Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis of the Research Center of Karlsruhe (FZK) in Germany. He was also in 1993-2000 managing coordinator of the international project for the environmental monitoring of the ecological dangerous objects and in 2001/2002 visiting professor at the economical faculty of the University of Bremen and in 2004/2005 in University Witten/Heideke. He is also from 2005 professor of the Moscow State Lomonosov University and director of the International Research Center for Social Consequences of Scientific and Technological Development and Innovation (Moscow State University). He was published 170 articles and ten books in Russian, German and English. Russian Academy of Sciences.
senior scientist, Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis, Forschnugszentrum Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, Germany
Born 1945, studied law, political science, sociology and philosophy at the universities of Frankfurt a.M and Berlin, diploma 1971; research scientist at the University of Frankfurt/M 1973-1973 and within the Studiengruppe für Systemforschung, Heidelberg. Since 1984 senior scientist within the Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Institut für Technikfolgenabschätzung und Systemanalyse (ITAS); guest professorships at the universities of Bremen (Germany), Moscow (Russia), Tampere (Finland), San Sebastian (Spain); member of the Board of the International Academy for Sustainable Development and Technology at the University of Karlsruhe; vice-director of the International Research Center for Social Consequences of Scientific and Technological Development and Innovation (Moscow State University).
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