Exploring the Digital Gap: Technology, Culture and Society

By Ioannis Kamarianos and Georgia Gouga.

Published by The Technology Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

We suppose that the regulation of the interaction and communication by the digital machine limits the possibilities of a guaranteed citizenship society, but also of each separate social subject. The foundations of digital technology are based on two axes: communication and instrumental reason. Under question is not only which knowledge is produced by the networking digital machine, but how this is produced. The content of produced message is determined by the capabilities of the machine, its structure, its normative frame of operation, but also the regulative frame of the communication fields’ layout. Under this prism the digital machine appears substantially important because of its capabilities of influence, as a transmitter of cultural significance, which has in addition the ability of producing and repeating culture. The comprehension of this particular nature of the digital machine leads us to the conclusion that the digital machine as authoritative reason is important for the format of identity and the way of the subjects’ social action. Consequently, we consider investigation of its power and also symbolic control, fairly important as characteristics of the structure and operation of digital machine which globally involves consequences in the society, but also in the individual fields such as education, the political and public sphere. The import of digital reason as a regulative reason in the fields of education, policy, economy or communication, cannot mean anything more for citizens and modern societies, but the loss of their political freedom, not as freedom of expression but as freedom of existence. Thus the criticism of technocratic reason is rendered very important, since otherwise we will be led from using technology as a supporting tool of daily life, to the subjugation in one absolute technoculture.

Keywords: Digital Machine, Symbolic Control, Power

The International Journal of Technology, Knowledge and Society, Volume 3, Issue 4, pp.75-80. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 478.594KB).

Dr. Ioannis Kamarianos

Lecturer, Department of primary education, , Division of sociology of education, University of Patras, Patras, Greece

Ph.D. in Sociology (1996) Lecturer, Department of Primary Education, Division of sociology of education, University of Patras.

Dr. Georgia Gouga

Assistant Professor, Department of Health Sciences, University of Central Greece, Athens, Greece

PhD in Sociology (1997) Teaching Sociological Theory, Sociology of Medicine, Sociology of Technology, Sociology of Education at the University of Central Greece and the Technological Educational Institution of Athens.


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